April 2014

In this Issue:

 Tartan Terminology  Coming Events
 Highland Games Results  April Celebrations
 Robert the Bruce (Part 3)  Society Officers
 What's in a Name  

Tartan Terminology

   At any Scottish gathering, whether it be Games or Burns Dinners, you may see tartans of many and varied hues and patterns being worn.  Many people are confused, and even uninformed, about the different terms applied to these patterns and colors.  Here are a few terms that may help in understanding.
   "Modern" and "Ancient"
In regard to tartan "modern" does not mean new and "ancient" does not mean old.  A better term for "modern" would actually be "standard," because that is the standard colors of that particular tartan.  "Ancient" refers to the same tartan produced in lighter tones, meant to reflect what that tartan might look like after years of fading.
   "Weathered", "Muted", "Antique"
This idea of producing tartans in multiple shades dates back to the early-to-mid twentieth century and it is not limited to "modern" and "ancient".  Another very common tartan appellation is "weathered."  This is an even more dramatic fading of the tartan, usually reducing the colors to browns and greys and muted shades of red.
Generally speaking, a hunting tartan is simply a tartan that is based more in greens and blues, and often browns.  Some Clans, such as Campbell do not have "hunting" tartans—their ordinary clan tartan is already in these colors.  The term "hunting" refers to the fact that these tartans tend to be more muted in color, and has nothing to do with the actual usage of the tartan.  "Hunting" tartans were not designed for hunters. 
   "Dress Tartan"
Again, generally speaking, a dress tartan is simply a tartan using white as one of the primary colors.  There are exceptions to the rule—for example, the Dress MacLeod tartan is a yellow tartan.  The inspiration for dress tartans goes back to eighteenth century women's fashion.  It was typical at that time for women to wear an earasaid (a large wrap) made from a white or cream based tartan.  The modern concept of dress tartans hearkens back to this fashion and many dress tartans are simply versions of the standard clan tartan with a main color changed to white, or extra white added to the pattern. 
   "Bumbee Tartan"
"Bumbee" is slang for an unnamed tartan pattern, as one might find in a general fabric store.  As in, "I like that shirt you are wearing, what tartan is it"  "Oh, this?  It's just a bumbee tartan."

Results from the March 2014 Highland Games

British Car Show

Best of Show - Randy Copleman, 1935 MG PA

President's Choice - Jerry Walton, 1966 Austin Healey 300 BJ8

President's Choice

Chairman's Choice - Barry Briskman, 1952 Rolls Royce Silver Wraith

Chairman's Choice

Peoples' Choice - Arvin Bernstein, 1977 Panther J72

People'sS Choice

First Place Field Classes:
*Morgan - Arvin Bernstein
*Classic Mini - Philip Blahak
*Triumph - Matt Reynolds
*One-of-a-Kind - David Grubbs (Jaguar) 

Highland Dance

Premier 7 & under 12
First Place - Beret Dembach
Second Place - Breagh MacKinnon
Third Place - Emma Ingalls

Premier 14 & under 16
First Place - Kaylee Finegan
Second Place - Emma Schiff
Third Place - Megan Watson

Best Clan Tent

Clans Chair presents the best Clan Tent Award for 2014 jointly to Clan MacInnes (on the right) and Clan MacFie (on the left), for their combined display, designed to welcome visitors and present a large array of exhibits and materials.

Best Clan Tent


Men Pro Class A Class B
1st Tyler Spencer Duncan McCullom Mathew Steele
2nd Jake Sullivan Luke Crowley Brett Garrett
3rd Chuck Kasson edward Brown Dane Tracht
4th John Pilling Adam Brezina George Bryce
5th Joe O'Neil Karl Gherke Mathew Schwartz
6th Dan Williams Jose Mckinney Parker Moore
7th Mike Dickens Jacob Nichol John Urwiler
8th   Bryan Staggs Jose Cordaro
9th   Zach Church Charles Thacker
10th   Andy Wooster J R Mariner
11th   David Schaefer Joey Graves
Men Class C Lightweight Novice
1st Seth Larson Ryan Seckman Eric Jett
2nd Bryan Mack Andrew Dickey andrew Johnson
3rd Shane Parker Rick Cox Ryan puckett
4th Carter Benton Adrian Corzine Phillip Fry
5th John Bakewell Mathew McCorkle David Moses
6th Brandon Herberger Dane Poulson Rockwell Arthur
7th Garrett Mack Derek Honeyman Will Callanen
8th Marcus Ritchell Joseph Howser Robert Stewart
9th   Nathan Szabo  
10th   Sean Lemons  
11th   Andrew Shaw  
12th   Rick Barnes  
13th   Jesus DeLopez  
Men Masters 40-49 Masters 50-59 Masters 60+
1st Sean Langford Brent Abbott Larry Sissock
2nd Stan Dickey Richard Campbell Wayne Staggs
3rd Eric White Paul Sim John Waugh
4th Tom Stattery Poch Green Doug Mostyn
5th Tom Gray terry Jernigan Kris Jones
6th Ross Carman Steve Craig Ed McLaughlim
7th Ivan Wolf Tim Timm  
8th Glen Adams Grant Oliver  
9th Jamie Anderson    
10th Jim Richardson    
11th Jim Morrison    
12th Mark Markley    
Women World Championship Master Open
1st Danielle Curry Kim Hoke Denise Ryan
2nd Mindy Pockoski Michelle Crownhart Mikeala Lovato
3rd Beth Butron LuAnn Robinson Gretchen Hall
4th Heather MacDonald Claire Morrison Megan Melham
5th Jocelyn Davis Chris Grant Jacqueline Scardato
6th Stephanie Robbins Marney Redmond Shannon Hamlyn/Burton
7th Katie Steingraeber Gretchen Conerly Tara Neal
8th Emily Burchett Joanna Dinan Monica Battiale
9th Ivory Carr   Teresa Potts
10th Josee Morneau    
11th Mona Malec    

Robert the Bruce - Scotland's Freedom Fighter (Part 3)

When Robert the Bruce invaded northern England, Edward II sent troops in retaliation and the two armies met on June 24, 1314 at Bannockburn.  This would go down in history as one of the most momentous battles in British history. 

Robert the Bruce prepared his field of battle carefully.  His army was heavily out-numbered by the English, but he managed, by clever tactics, to prevent the enemy from fully using its strength.  At the end of the day, the Scots achieved a total victory.  With the English in disarray, the Bruce was free to harass northern England.  He invaded Ireland, where his brother    Edward was crowned king by the exuberant Irish.  When a second English army, led by Edward II, advanced north of the border, the Bruce drove them back.  In the face of this defeat, Edward was forced to seek peace. 

In May 1320, a peace treaty was signed at Northampton by the weary, helpless English king.  The treaty recognized Scotland as an independent kingdom and Robert the Bruce as king.  The Declaration of Arbroath was the culmination of Bruce's career.  All his dreams were fulfilled.  For years he had been an Anglo-Norman vassal of the king of England.  He had now made himself into the undisputed monarch of an independent country.  Truly, he was Scotland's national hero.

But King Robert was failing.  He died on June 7, 1329, in his 55th year, an old man for his time, surrounded by family and friends.  As requested, his friend Douglas took the king's heart on the crusade the ruler had never been able to make.  Falling in battle against the Moors in Spain, Douglas' last act was to throw the Bruce's heart into the midst of the enemy. 

King Robert's excommunication from the church had been lifted shortly before his death.  Six days after that event the Pope issued a bull acknowledging Scotland's sovereignty and permitting a king of Scots to be crowned.  With this, the throne passed to David, Robert's young son.

The Declaration of Arbroath included a letter to the Pope.  The letter stated that since ancient times, the Scots had been free to choose their own kings.  This freedom, they claimed, was a gift of God.  And so it was…a gift that they needed a Robert the Bruce to deliver.

What's in a Name

Barclay /  Berkeley

Barclay appears to have descended from the extinct lordship, Barclay of Mathers that was found in Kincardineshire.  Theobald de Berchelai came to Scotland with King David I, like so many other young noblemen.  The family had Norman ancestry and arrived in England with William the conqueror in 1066.  Berchelai is supposedly an Anglo Saxon version of "good" or "fair meadow.  Walter de Berkeley was Lord Chamberlain of Scotland in 1165.

David Barclay, possibly a descendent of the Mathers branch was a soldier and held the rank of major in the army of the King of Sweden.  This was a time in the 17th century when Sweden had created an empire in the Baltic.  David returned when the civil war erupted in Britain and fought for the King.  He later joined the Society of Friends, generally known as Quakers.

David's grandson, another David, with other associates established Barclay's Bank.

Coming Events

April 6 National Tartan Day
April 10 Membership Meeting
April 12 Las Vegas Highland Games, Las Vegas NV
April 26 Sacremento vally Scottish Games, Woodland CA

SOCIETY MEETING Regular membership meetings are held the second Thursday of each month at the Irish Cultural Center, 1106 N. Central Ave., Phoenix, AZ. Beginning at 7 pm. Come join us or log on to www.arizonascots.com.

April Celebrations
If you would like your special date recognized in our monthly newsletter, we need to hear from you. Please let us know your correct birthday and anniversary information by email to anjrams@cox.net and it will be included in our Celebration list.

April 2 Jim & Donna Groves - Anniversary
April 21 Glenda King - Birthday
April 21 Paige Macmillan - Birthday
April 24 David MacNabb - Birthday
April 26 Bobby Hoeck - Birthday

Caledonian Society Officers
President: Mark Clark
Past President: (2010 – 2012) Jean Latimer
Vice President, & Membership Chair Don Finch
Secretary: Thom Von Hapsburg
Treasurer: David McBee
Games Chair
Jason Temple
Trustee 1: Mark Pelletier
Trustee 2: Michelle Crownhart

Newsletter Editor:

Jo Ramsdell